Euthanasia or mercy killing is the process in which the life support system and all such means like antibiotics are withdrawal with the intention to end the pain and suffering suffered by a patient. There are various forms of Euthanasia but mostly illegal all over the world.
Indian View on Euthanasia or Mercy Killing
In India passive Euthanasia is legal. It was declared legal by the Supreme Court of India in 2011 in the case of Aruna shanbaung. She was a nurse and was in the vegetative state for past 42 years, finally died in 2015 due to pneumonia. This was a landmark judgment as passive euthanasia was declared legal and active euthanasia illegal. The judgment of the case of 2011 was referred to a constitutional bench of three judges which declared the judgment as ‘inconsistent in itself’ in 2014. Later in the same year, the government issued a notification that re-validated the process of Passive Euthanasia. Passive Euthanasia basically means withdrawal of those systems which are keeping the body of the patient alive while active euthanasia means intentionally giving certain substance such as poison to the patient, practically killing a person. The difference between the two is that in the former natural death is caused while in the later patient die because of insertion of a certain substance in the body causing death.
Euthanasia and its Misuse
There are many views related to euthanasia. It is sometimes called as Right to die. Some consider it equivalent to Art. 21 The right to Life, that when a person has Right to life than it automatically means that he also has Right to die. Another view was that when people said that there will be the end of suffering if such a person was to die through euthanasia. But there were chances that this could be misused by a large number of people of the society for self-needs.
The concept of Euthanasia is a sceptical one. When we know that a person is alive, how can he be allowed to kill? It’s against the Human rights also. In passive euthanasia also the prior permission of the High Court of the respected State is necessary. The Supreme Court and High Court on various occasions have rejected applications seeking permission for active Euthanasia. The Supreme Court of India has made it clear that only Passive Euthanasia is Legal in India and no other form.